The Achilles tendon is a band of tissue that connects the calf muscles at the back of your leg to the heel bone. Achilles tendonitis occurs when that band of tissue is strained, stressed or injured.
Signs and symptoms of tendonitis should be taken seriously to prevent the possibility of tearing the tendon, creating scar tissue or leading to a full rupture that may require surgery to correct. A
combination of treatment options can have you back on your feet and moving pain free as soon as possible. Treatment may include following the R.I.C.E. measures of rest, ice, compression, and
elevation to decrease swelling.
Start slow and easy - always warm up before beginning a run or workout routine that will put stress on your tendons and muscles. Choose the right footwear. Make sure your shoe has adequate arch
support and heel cushion. If you are starting a scheduled training such as running or jogging, ask for recommendations from runners or specialist familiar with the stress your planned activity places
on the feet and ankles. Stretch and strengthen. Take time to stretch and strengthen your calf muscles first thing in the morning. Core exercises also strengthen your core muscles improving posture
and balance that can lessen strain on the Achilles tendon throughout the day.
9.) Arthritis literally means 'joint inflammation'. Most diagnoses of this condition affect the foot. Orthotics can be used to help alleviate the symptoms of this common condition. 10.) Many people
suffer from back, leg and/ or ankle pain that continues to go undiagnosed. These symptoms are often a sign of overpronation. If you are suffering from any of these conditions, Orthotics are often
helpful with alleviating some of your discomfort. Flexibility of your calf muscles is key. Be sure to stretch after a light warm up and again after your exercise program, and remember to cool down
This information is intended for education of the reader about medical conditions and current treatments. It is not a substitute for examination, diagnosis, and care provided by your physician or a
licensed healthcare provider. If you believe that you, your child, or someone you know has the condition described above, please see your healthcare provider. Do not attempt to treat yourself or
anyone else without proper medical attention. Shoe inserts such as orthoses, or heel lifts-To reduce stress on the tendon. Heel elevation helps to tip the heel forwards and decrease the pitch angle.
This also helps the foot to slide forward in the shoe, reducing pressure on the projection.
Though forefoot varus is often cited as a cause, all review articles I have seen that mention it only cite Kvist's 1991 study. Later work, like a 2002 review by Mohsen Razeghi and Mark Edward Batt at
Queen's Medical Centre in the UK, question the validity of "static" measurements of foot structure. 31 That being said, Van Ginkel et al.'s study rekindled the possibility that increased pressure on
the lateral forefoot plays a role in Achilles tendonitis as well—this may well be due to forefoot varus, but research linking the two is still lacking.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Advil or Aleve aren't supported by research, and their use doesn't make much sense anyways considering what we know about the degenerative, non-inflammatory
nature of Achilles tendonitis. While some researchers still support using corticosteroid injections , there are serious questions surrounding their role in tendon ruptures. The only
placebo-controlled randomized trial I'm aware of found no effect of corticosteroids on Achilles tendonitis, so we can't say that corticosteroid injections are scientifically supported either. In
their own words, "No negative effects could be demonstrated from continuing Achilles tendon loading activity, such as running and jumping, with the use of a pain-monitoring model during treatment."
Sayana, M. K.; Maffulli, N., Eccentric calf muscle training in non-athletic patients with Achilles tendinopathy. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 2007, 10 (1), 52-58. Rees, J. D.; Lichtwark,
G. A.; Wolman, R. L.; Wilson, A. M., The mechanism for efficacy of eccentric loading in Achilles tendon injury; an in vivo study in humans. Rheumatology 2008, 47 (10), 1493-1497. Åström, M.; Westlin,
N., No effect of piroxicam on achilles tendinopathy A randomized study of 70 patientsNo effect of piroxicam on achilles tendinopathy A randomized study of 70 patients. Acta Orthopaedica 1992, 63 (6),
A can of a chilled drink is an effective tool for a foot exercise. All you need is a chair, a can of chilled drink and your commitment to do the exercise. The following are the steps to follow when
doing the routine. You will see that therapy for plantar fasciitis is not really a big deal. Sit on the chair and place the chilled can of juice on the floor in front of you at a comfortable
distance. Do not put it too far away from you or else you might end up straining the muscle more.
Once the inflammation is lowered, it is also important to start reeducating the joint and building up the strength and stability of the muscles. Various exercises to test and increase the range of
motion and re-pattern the nervous system to function without the pain can help prevent future injury. In some extreme cases, it may be necessary to undergo surgery to remove scar tissue or repair a
tendon, but these may only be for very severe cases that are not helped by anything else. From here, progress up to lots of single leg balance exercises barefoot on the floor, and barefoot on
rocker-boards for a great foot strength challenge.